Ruby has accumulated a host of legends over the centuries. In Sanskrit (the ancient sacred language of India), one of the terms for ruby is ratnaraj, “King of Gems.” People of India believed that rubies enabled their owners to live in peace with their enemies. In Burma (a ruby source since at least 600 AD – now called Myanmar), warriors wore rubies to make themselves invincible in battle.
Many medieval Europeans wore rubies to guarantee health, wealth, wisdom, and success in love. As the US birthstone for July, and the world’s best-known and best-loved red gem, ruby still captivates the hearts and imaginations of gem professionals and consumers alike.
Large, fine-quality rubies are extremely rare and valuable. But strong worldwide production and an array of treatments have increased availability and put rubies within the reach of most consumers.
The name ruby comes from Latin word ruber, which means “red.” The most expensive ruby color is a deep, pure, vivid red. Stones a little pinkish, purplish, or orangy red are also considered rubies, but prices are much lower than rubies with pure red color.
Main sources for rubies are Myanmar (Burma) considered to produce fines quality rubies, Afghanistan, Kenya, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand and Vietnam.
Your Local Jewelry Appraiser,
Paul Shikhvarger (G.G.) Graduate Gemologist G.I.A.